By Prerana Banerjee
How Data Analysis can help reduce crimes in
In a developing nation like India, the increasing crime rates play a significant
role in hindering the growth of the nation as a unit. This particular
development in the crime behavior always has a greater impact on foreign
investments as well as the image of the country in the global environment. Therefore,
there is a strong need to monitor and analyze the crimes occurring across the
nation in addition to regulating them. Though the task of crime regulation is
solely under the purview of the government, analysis of the crimes should be
carried out in order to derive conclusions and suggest necessary actions and
measures extracted from analytical analysis of the past crime database. This
method can play a significant role in helping the government in taking better
actions for maintaining law and order in the nation and also effectively
utilizing their valuable resources.
Crime analysis is a law enforcement function that involves systematic
analysis for identifying and analyzing patterns and trends in crime and
disorder. Information on patterns can help the police and law enforcement
agencies to deploy resources in a more effective manner and assist detectives
in identifying and apprehending suspects. Crime analysis plays an important
role in devising solutions to criminal problems, and formulating crime
prevention strategies. Quantitative social science data analysis as well as
qualitative methods such as examining detailed police narratives play a vital
role in crime analysis for strategizing crime prevention and control measures.
Data Science help Indian Police Services in preventing crimes?
Data Science is the study of data points, both structured and
non-structured, that may be analyzed computationally to reveal, predict,
interpret interference patterns, trends and associations, especially relating
to human behavior and interactions.
Crime has patterns just like everything else. The automation and
digitization of FIRs, investigation reports, case files, dossiers, etc. are now
generating data that was never before available to law enforcement agencies in
The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is trying to use crime data analytics
software to enable predictive policing so that crime can be stopped even before
it takes place. Hyderabad based Advanced Data Research Institute (ADRIN) is
developing a special software so that law enforcement agencies can map crime
patterns and perform predictive analysis. The NCRB has plans to make the
software available in five states – Kerala, Odisha, Maharashtra, Haryana and
Tripura by the end of 2018 and later to all states and union territories. The
software is basically using big data analytics and geographical areas where
crime is most likely to occur, after considering various factors before the
The Delhi Police is making use of the software Crime Mapping Analytics
and Predictive System (CMAPS) which is a web-based software and uses real-time
data from Delhi Police’s Dial 100 Helpline and ISROs satellite imageries,
spatially locates the calls and visualizes them as cluster maps to identify
crime hot spots. The software’s statistical models and algorithms help the
police understand where the next crime is likely to occur.
Similarly, the Jharkhand police force is trying to implement an
analytical system, with the help of IIM Ranchi, which would evaluate criminal
records, date and time of crime occurrences, and location to predict
From public records to social media information to informant tips,
Indian police force has access to an expansive amount of data, which is spread
over its legacy systems. Therefore, it becomes extremely important for Indian
police across different states to adopt easy-to-operate analytical tools to
utilize this vast intelligence.
It is crucial to understand that the technology is still in its nascent
stage, and humongous data is required over the next few years to bring in long
term change. The use of predictive policing can lead to effective
implementation of preventive measures to curb crime and control crime rates.
Although criminals always try to be ahead of the law, deployment of big data
and predictive analysis in Indian police agencies will help the police force
enhance the effectiveness of their work, making our country safer and more business
About the Author
Prerana Banerjee is a member of the Information Services Team at Mitkat Advisory Services.
Disclaimer: Any views or opinions represented in this blog are of the author and do not represent those of MitKat. Any views or opinions are not intended to malign any religion, ethnic group, club, organization, company, or individual.